Resources: Free Images – Photos, Maps, Illustrations

When we were writing our book Design: A Beginner’s Handbook we knew we wanted to illustrate every page with real world examples of design. We started off using our own photographs but quickly realized we needed an additional source for images. Working with almost no budget we weren’t sure how to proceed. This was when we discovered a large online resource of free photographs and graphics.

Today I want to share what we found. You may need photographs for a blog or website you’ve created or you might want to manipulate found images in your artwork. Whether for personal or commercial use there are numerous sources available.

Before I proceed, here are a few legal disclaimers you should know about.

When a work is copyrighted the owner/maker has full rights to the use of the image. Without their permission no one else can use it (note: there are instances of Fair Use that allow it’s use but that’s not pertinent to this discussion). All of the sites listed here agree to let anyone use the work for free under certain conditions, which are listed under the website’s Terms of Use. What most sites Do Not allow is for you to sell their photographs for download; for you to sell the photographs as posters or postcards without contacting them and getting explicit permission; to claim ownership of the image.

In addition to copyrighted work there are works that are in the public domain. These are usually older creations where the copyright has expired or instances where the owner has given up their rights to the work. In addition, pieces created by government agencies are usually in the public domain. These works can be used by anyone.

A couple of things to note when using these sites. Always check the terms of use and license, just to be safe. If it lists CCO this means a Creative Commons License allowing full use of the image (there are other types of Creative Commons licenses that do have restrictions). Also, be careful when using images that include people or trademarks. The photographer may be giving you permission to use the work but you need a model release from the person in the photo or permission from a trademark holder (companies do not allow you to use their trademark – yes, there are Fair Use instances, but once again, that is beyond the scope of this post.)

Most of these sites do not require attribution, i.e. listing the name of the person who made the image, but when possible it’s always nice to acknowledge someone who is giving you a gift of their work.

There are several different types of free photo sites. Some are communities where members upload their photographs, making them available to the public. Others are compilers that search the data bases of online sites and then present you with photos from those sites that fulfill your search criteria, such as oak trees, or mosaics. With this second type of site always look at the license for the image you want to download, since they will vary. The last type of site is what I’d call a photo blog – often the photographs are from a single person or business that is offering their work for your personal or commercial use, usually posting new photos daily or weekly.

Many of these sites support themselves by also selling either premium memberships or by selling photographs from companies like Shutterstock. It will be clear which photographs are free, and in the sites we’re listing that means most things on the site.

Some sites require you to register in order to download the photographs. We registered with several and never encountered problems – i.e. from what we could see our information was NOT sold and we did NOT start receiving spam.

In case I’ve failed to mention anything you need to know about using free images here is a link to a site, Start Blogging Online, that has a good description of free images. http://startbloggingonline.com/find-free-blogging-images/

Free Photo and Image Sites:

The United States government has numerous sources of free images. A few favorites are NASA (space agency), NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and the Library Of Congress (which has public domain and copyright protected works). There are literally tens of thousand of images available, from high resolution images of galaxies to images of underwater reefs, to beautifully illustrated antique maps. You can spend days looking and there’ll still be more to see.

NASA      https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/index.html

NOAA      http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/index.html

The Library of Congress    https://www.loc.gov

The first three sites listed below are the ones we used extensively in our book. Since that time we’ve discovered the others – wish we’d known about them during those difficult years of writing and designing our book.

Morguefile     http://www.morguefile.com

RGBstock      http://www.rgbstock.com

Freerange      https://freerangestock.com

Creative Commons    http://creativecommons.org

Wikimedia Commons    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

EveryStockPhoto      http://www.everystockphoto.com

Unsplash       https://unsplash.com

Freeimages   http://www.freeimages.com

Public Domain Pictures   http://www.publicdomainpictures.net

Stock Up          http://www.sitebuilderreport.com/stock-up

New Old Stock    http://nos.twnsnd.co

Vintage Printable    http://vintageprintable.com

Life of Pix        http://www.lifeofpix.com

SplitShire      http://www.splitshire.com

Pexels         https://www.pexels.com

Pixababy      https://pixabay.com

ISO Republic     http://isorepublic.com

DesignerPics      http://www.designerspics.com

Skitterphoto        http://skitterphoto.com

Picjumbo        https://picjumbo.com

Freepik      http://www.freepik.com

Negative Space     http://negativespace.co

FancyCrave     http://fancycrave.com

Lock and Stock Photos    http://lockandstockphotos.com

Kaboompics     http://kaboompics.com/#

StockSnap     https://stocksnap.io/view-photos/sort/trending/desc

Gratisography     http://www.gratisography.com

Pond5   https://www.pond5.com/free

The New York Public Library     http://www.nypl.org/research/collections/digital-collections/public-domain

This post was updated on April 11, 2017 to include Pond5 and The New York Public Library.

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